What Is The Role Of A Trade Union

Most people have heard of trade unions, especially when they appear in the news in connection with teachers’ strikes and such matters, but quite often people do not fully understand the purpose of a trade union, who they represent, and the possible benefits of belonging to a trade union. Do you have to join a trade union? Will you be penalised by your employer if you do? How can a trade union help you? This article seeks to address some of these questions and takes a brief look into the overall role of trade unions.

A trade union is a membership organisation that seeks to help and protect its members in the working environment. Although trade union representatives try to establish and maintain good working relationships with employers – and indeed between their members and those members’ employers – most trade unions are independent of any specific employer.

A trade union will seek to help its members in a whole manner of situations. They may negotiate favourable pay and working conditions for their members and discuss and advice on any big changes taking place in the working environment (such as mass redundancy). They will also talk over with their members any concerns they may have about their working environment and help them to find a solution, accompany them in disciplinary matters and at employment tribunals and provide them with legal and financial advice where needed.

Trade unions may also provide protection and representation for their members outside of the workplace. For example, they may try and place pressure on the government or public bodies to make changes which will benefit their members or may seek to promote their members’ rights and objectives in other ways.

By law, an employer cannot penalise an employee for deciding to join a trade union, deciding not to join a trade union, or deciding to leave a union of which they were previously a member. The decision is entirely up to the employee and they must not be made to feel any pressure about their decision by their employer.

In conclusion, many workers join a trade union because they believe they will be able to negotiate better pay and terms and conditions, they will have access to training for new skills, they feel confident that they will have somebody to turn to – who has their best interests in mind – who will be able to help them with any problems at work. They are also attracted by the prospect of lifelong legal and financial advice that will be made available to them. If you are interested in a joining a trade union you should look for information in your work handbook or contact the TUC for details of your local union.

Copyright (c) 2011 Robert Gray

Make Wise Investment Decision By Investing Money In Mutual Funds

In India, although a number of investment instruments are available which provide safe investment opportunities, Mutual fund is considered as one of the best instruments which help in capital appreciation and saving investors from gyrations of the market. For over the past few decades, stock market has shown tremendous growth and for accumulating substantial wealth, it is the need of the hour to include stock in the investment portfolio. By investing in mutual funds, one can actively accumulate huge capital within stipulated time period. Being regulated by SEBI, mutual fund is a company which pools money of numerous investors in various stocks, short and long term money market instruments, bonds and other securities.

An Overview about Mutual Funds

An investor can choose from plethora of mutual fund’s schemes depending upon his needs and requirements as different funds offer different benefits and even costs and expenses structure also varies from fund to fund. With the passage of time, the popularity of mutual funds has increased significantly. It is a fact that even small investors are able to invest in these financial instruments at a reasonable cost and for a longer period of time. Equity funds, fixed income funds, balanced funds are three types of categories in which mutual funds are divided.

On the behalf of the shareholders, mutual fund is professionally and efficiently managed by portfolio managers, who with their expertise knowledge diversify the money over various securities. For reaping the desired monetary benefits of the investments, it is necessary to avail the erudite services of portfolio managers. They keep a track of your investment requirements and give them desired shape by recommending investment alternative which is best suited for an individual.

Avail Advisory Services Online

By searching on the internet, one can find numerous websites that provides personal financial advisory services to an investor. By availing these services, even a novice investor can make wise decisions, depending upon individual investment’s requirements as these websites offer feasible suggestions backed by strong financial analysis. Business giant like network18 is an apt source through which an individual can acquire the investment advisory services or suggestions and fulfill his investment objectives. It is not wrong to say that there is no better alternative for minimizing risk and maximizing returns, then to invest in mutual funds. Therefore, multiply your money manifold by investing money in these instruments.

The Real Deal With Bank Properties Listings

While there are indeed many bargains that can be found in the foreclosures market, you should not expect that every property that appears in bank properties listings is a bargain. There are many factors that could drive property prices either up or down. Knowing how to appreciate the market as well as the forces that move behind foreclosures and the entire real estate industry can level your expectations. When dealing with bank properties in particular, take note of the following as smart guides so that you may be able to purchase properties wisely.

The Real Deal With Bank Offerings

It is a common notion that bank properties are the safest to buy in the foreclosures market, owing to its ability to erase all liens and transfer clean, good property titles to the buyer. However, despite the screaming ads that boast of low prices and steep discounts, you should be aware that banks do not pass everything on a golden plate.

When pricing a property and before putting up in bank properties listings, the bank would usually price it almost near to what it is worth, unless it foresees that the property would hardly sell in the market. To attract buyers, banks would commonly employ marketing strategies that would entice the average buyer. This includes offering the property as a move-in-ready property or including some furniture with the sale or even waiving some of its closing costs.

Also, while banks generally aim for quick sales, this does not mean that they jump in on every offer that they receive for a property. In fact, many foreclosures stay on the market for several months before signs of its being sold even become apparent. The main reason is because it could take weeks or even months for a bank to respond to a buyers offer. And when it does, it almost always makes a counter-offer which could again prolong the negotiation.

Another thing to be aware of when dealing with bank properties is the fact that defects in property conditions are hardly disclosed by the banks. This is understandable, since many state laws do not or even exempt them from disclosure liability. Another reason is that banks could not be expected to know the condition of all the properties in its inventory.

Finally, when looking at bank properties listings, bear in mind that there are very few banks that will offer or even entertain pre-closing repairs. If you think that you can insert the deal at any time in your negotiations, you may be in for a surprise. The way to deal with this is to do your own inspection and approximate the repair costs to determine its level of acceptability to you.

Save Money with Small Business Management Software

Small businesses owners often find that there are certain times of the year when cash flow is not as healthy as it could be. This could be due to the fact that the business has seasonal customers, money being spent wastefully or through outmoded business practices. Regardless of the reason as to why money is being lost one thing is for certain good business owners and managers are all looking for a way to save the business money.

One way to save money in a small business is to implement small business management software. Software such as this enables a business with less than 50 employees to be operated via one software application. By being able to switch to one application a small business owner can save thousands every year as all other applications that require a monthly or annual fee to be discontinued.

As soon as they see just what small business management software can do many business owners and managers are keen to start using it. Not only can small business management software save a business money in terms of slashing the number of applications a business has to pay for it also saves money in other ways such as:

Increasing the number of leads that are converted into sales with ease. When using small business management software an employee can create a quote and save this to a customers file. This will contain their contact details and other relevant information. If this quote is not accepted within a certain period of time, this lead can then be chased up by the sales department.

By ensuring that projects are always completed on time a business will not lose customers. With small business management software projects can be assigned and tracked in real time. Managers and owners can quickly and easily check on projects that are nearing their due date in order to ensure that they are progressing as they should be. By utilizing this feature projects should never be behind schedule ever again, which means that money will be saved in the long run through customer retention.

Small business management software also allows employee calendars to be seen by owners and managers at a glance. This means that projects and so on can be planned with regard to staffing numbers. Money is therefore saved by ensuring that all employees are working to capacity and not being diverted to projects which are already fully subscribed.

As small business management software is web based it means that it can be accessed from anywhere in the world that has an internet connection. So if a manager or owner is away from the office on business they can access the application and get any information that they need. This saves business money as laptops and mobile internet is not required when an owner or manager visits potential customers.

These are just a few of the ways in which small business management software can save a business money each month.

Homeowners Can Get Incredibly Flexible Finance!

There is a combination of a home loan and line of credit that will provide a homeowner with all the finance he needs. Since the duration of home loans are extremely long, flexibility is essential because many things can happen in 30 years. Your needs will change over time and so should your source of financing.

The problem of flexibility of mortgage loans was already solved by a home loan type that adapts to the borrowers needs. However, if the borrower wanted additional cash for some unexpected expenses, there was no solution provided by these loans. Thats why a combination of home loan and home equity line of credit is the best option for ultimate flexibility.

Option Mortgage Loans

The first part of this Loan Combo is the mortgage loan. The idea of these loans is that while for a certain situation a fixed interest rate mortgage loan would be the best option for you, you may have to go through difficult times eventually and you would prefer an interest only mortgage loan then. And perhaps, later your financial situation would improve and you would prefer to take advantage of better market conditions with a variable rate mortgage loan.

Normally you would have to refinance your loan many times over the life of a 30 years home loan in order to do all the above. But Option Mortgage Loans let you choose the set of rules that will apply to your loan each time you pay your mortgage installment. That way, if you go through some hardship you can pay only the interests and postpone the payment of principal. Or if you run into extra income you can choose to pay off your home loan sooner.

Home Equity Line of Credit

A home equity line of credit will complement an Option Mortgage Loan by providing additional finance each time you are in need of cash. So, if you suddenly find yourself in a complicated financial situation, you can not only reduce your monthly payments by changing your mortgage loan to an interest only home loan but you can also get extra cash by withdrawing money from your home equity line of credit.

The home equity line of credit is secured on your home, thus both the mortgage and the line of credit have the same security. A property worth $150,000 can easily provide you with a line of credit of $50,000 if your outstanding mortgage is $100,000. As you can see, its an excellent option for solving your finance issues for many years. You wont need to resort to any other source of finance again.

The main benefit of these lines of credit is that while you repay the money withdrawn, the cash will be available again right away if you need it again. Thus, you wont have to apply for a loan each time you need cash. Moreover, the interest rate charged for these loan products is significantly lower than that of personal loans and credit cards.

India’s Strong Gold Investment

We all know that the glitter of gold can be too hard to resists sometimes. This is why investing in gold has become one of the most profitable transactions that you can make these days. When it comes to choosing the right gold products you surely have where to pick from: 1 kilo gold bar, gold coins, gold bullion, one ounce gold bars, gold funds and so on. The variety of gold investments is daunting, therefore making a choice can become a rather difficult task.

Gold is and has been the preferred investment for Indians especially because the potential price increase and because it is considered a hedge against inflation. Studies show that when the inflation rises with 10 percent, for example, then the process for gold will rise for 30%.

Throughout generations, gold has been one of the most trusted investment vehicles. Taking into consideration that the gold production on a worldwide scale is far below than the demand, gold prices are likely to go up in the months to come. Gold has proved itself to be the only medium of exchange that is absolutely free of credit risk. This is why the trend among investors is to invest at least part of their savings in the precious metal.

Buying gold however, can take numerous forms. One of the most popular ways of investing in gold in India is definitely jewellery. For Indians, owning gold jewellery is a sign of wealth and it gives them the advantage of owning physical gold and also being able to use it for fashion purposes at the same time. Of course, there is a downside to this also: the loss of value due to impurities, the high charges and exchange rates when and if they decide to sell them.

Another gold investment product, which has become quite popular is represented by the gold bar. This is the oldest form of gold preservation and the advantage of this product is that it can be found in various sizes: one ounce gold bar, 1 kilo gold bar, 20 grams gold bar and so on. This gold product offers the satisfaction of holding gold and knowing that you can buy or sell it online at any time. When you own physical gold bars then you need to deposit it in a vault and take out insurance in order to protect your investment.

India, as well as other important economic powers of the world, such as China, have started to invest heavily in gold. Therefore, when you want to make sure that you protect your investments then you have to start doing the same thing.

Small Business Development And Marketing Strategies

Since most small businesses have suffered during the past several years due to declining sales generally caused by a chaotic economy, it should be helpful to explore the most practical and realistic marketing strategies available to them. Improving business development efforts is desirable during any financial and economic environment, but there are extra benefits to doing so when sales have declined for whatever reason. Because a typical small business owner does not have the luxury of choosing from many strategies available to larger companies, the marketing improvement process for small businesses is necessarily restricted to a relatively short list of business development alternatives. While the choices will vary from case to case, here are three marketing and business development strategies which will often be considered by small businesses:

* Advertising
* Increasing sales staff
* Business proposals

For most smaller companies, declining revenues have led to some financial challenges and the need to reduce operating expenses already. Therefore it is likely that a common limitation and goal in any marketing decision will be to keep the costs reasonable. When dealing with limited funds, small business owners should evaluate which marketing strategy is the most cost effective method. Business proposal writing usually emerges as the leading choice for small companies when cost effectiveness is taken into account.

There are several kinds of business proposals, and not all of them will be realistic options for each company. Here are the two business proposal types which are likely to be worth reviewing closely:

* Formal proposal solicitations
* Informal and unsolicited proposals

Of these two types, the second (unsolicited and informal proposals) usually deserves the most attention by small businesses. Formally solicited proposals are typically announced by a Request for Proposal (RFP) process and are subject to more public awareness and competition by other companies. Depending on competitive circumstances, it is certainly possible that responding to an RFP might be well-suited to some small business situations. In other words, look carefully before deciding to ignore the RFP possibility.

An informal or unsolicited proposal process potentially offers the most freedom for a small business. Timing is frequently a major problem for an RFP because the company or government agency issuing it determines in advance when it will publish the Request for Proposal and in turn will also determine the deadlines for responses. The timing for unsolicited and informal proposals is effectively under the complete control of the small business which is preparing a proposal. The combination of reduced competition and scheduling flexibility usually makes this a compelling approach to business development and proposals.

Call Center Franchise And Remote Pizza Agent Opportunity

Call Center Franchises and Remote Pizza Agent offer professional yet personalized telephone support for established and growing businesses alike – from answering the clients calls when they cannot, to telephoning potential customers and arranging appointments on their behalf. In fact, they can handle just about any activity which involves using the telephone effectively.

The Norbells vision is to ensure service offerings were more custom-made to the clients needs and budget. Our pricing structures are completely transparent, enabling clients to easily calculate their return on investment. Future of Call Center Franchises is very exciting and bright.

Are you interested in starting your own business but afraid of doing it all on your own?

We at Norbell have solution for you. Over the last 9 years, thousands of people have discovered that Call Center Franchising with Norbell is the secret to finding an independent, fulfilling career.

No previous technical experience required to start Call Center or Remote Pizza Agent center. Norbell has become a leading worldwide franchising opportunity by developing an extensive call center training program that will get anybody started with a new business. Norbell will also offer you support throughout your career with our team of professional and trained support staff.

The reputation of Norbell speaks for itself. Entrepreneur has consistently ranked Norbell finest in the worldwide Call Center Franchising and Remote Pizza Agent category. With our franchisees operating around the world, weve grown and developed a unique business strategy and methods of operation that are designed to help you quickly start a profitable, sustainable business.

Foundation of the most trusted and profitable franchising program are Training and Support. This is the reason that we dont require you to have technological and consulting experience. Youll learn the methodology and principles of a successful franchise in our extensive Certification procedure. Youll then be ready to create a profit-driven and knowledgeable Call Center or Remote Pizza Agent Franchise, all the while making use of our on-demand support structure to help you along.

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Take the steps today to become a part of the worldwide Norbell! Dont put off any longer your business aspirationsnow you have the tools you need to succeed!

The Most Popular Job Roles In Finance

There is a plethora of jobs in the finance industry. Many finance jobs are centered around several primary professions such as commercial banking and investment banking. Naturally the most common jobs fall within those two categories. Currently, the more popular of the two is investment banking. Consequently, the most popular job roles in finance are positions in the investment banking arena.

Industry coverage is a large area covered by investment bankers who specialize in product groups such as utilities, aerospace, real estate, etc. This group has a group of senior bankers called Managing Directors which are backed by Directors, Vice Presidents and Associates. The managing director will help strategize the next move for the group as it grows and the team usually recruits new graduates into this group quite aggressively.

Corporate finance is an area with the primary function of raising money for corporate ventures. As an analyst in this group, you would be responsible for preparing registrations and attend road shows where investors are sold securities. Debt Capital Markets or Equity Capital Markets originate new issues of bonds or securities. They advise about the best time to issue these new debts or equities. Mergers and Acquisitions is yet another department which is under investment banking. Mergers and acquisitions generate fee income for investment banks. The bank sets up the acquisition even under market conditions that would make the acquisition unfavorable through creative methods that benefit all parties and the bank gets paid handsomely for their effort.

Project Finance help fund the infrastructure of a government or oil capital project, generally funneling funds from one foreign country to another when other options for borrowing have dried up. Trading is a job with which most of us are familiar. It is sales of securities on the stock market floor or from an office. Structured finance, derivatives, advisory, equity and fixed income research and international sales and emerging markets are other jobs that can be performed in investment banking.

Public finance, retail brokerage or stockbroker, institutional sales and ratings analyst are the remaining positions in investment banking. Many of these jobs are more glamorous than the others, but they all pay well. The most popular job roles in finance include any position in investment banking which comes with a hefty salary and many also pay bonuses. Commission often accompanies any position that generates sales to compensate for performance. Ratings analysts command an average annual salary of 68,000 with an average of 5,000 in bonuses. An exceptional employee should expect a higher salary. A managing director in Industry Coverage can command a salary of 130,000 to 220,000 annually. The job you pursue in Investment Banking will be your personal choice. Your compensation will be excellent and hopefully, you will find a home based on your talent and interests.

Can You Trade The Forex Without A Broker

There is a myth making the rounds in the Forex universe. This rumor thats whispered and spread from keyboard to keyboard over cyberspace states that in order to take part in Forex trading, you must have a broker. A rumor is all this is because theres no truth in the must part of the rumor . If want to find out how to trade on your own and to avoid the pressure of dealing with a broker, than this might be the most important article you read this year. .

Even if you dont have the first clue about how Forex trading is done, and youve never done it, you still dont have to have a broker if you dont want one . Can you gain from having a Forex broker in your corner? Yes and no. It depends on whether or not your Forex broker is smart about trading and whether or not hes going to be smart about trading for you . Some Forex brokers look at those who want to partake of trading currencies as another zero on their own paycheck and they will actually work against you in a practice known as sniping .

Sniping is a process a dishonest broker will use to cheat you out of your profits. Unfortunately, there is nothing you can do to protect yourself from a broker hell bent on snipping your profits. Not all Forex brokers are bad. There are brokers out there that are in the business to help those interested in trading Forex. . These are professionals in the trading world who value both their customers and their own reputations.

They would no more think of cheating you than they would themselves. Most Forex brokers are legitimate in the trading world but its the actions of a few bad apples that tend to spoil the bushel. You can learn about Forex trading and you can trade without going through a broker if youre afraid you might encounter one who isnt what he claims to be. But on the other hand, an honest broker brings to the table his expertise with the Forex.

While Forex trading with a broker has the advantage of using his expertise to aid you in making trades, sometimes this leads to a tendency on the part of the trader to ignore getting a Forex knowledge on his own. If youre not knowledgeable about Forex trading, then you wont know if the moves your broker are making are for your good or his.